It seems to some degree that the exact definition depends on which stakeholder you are talking to at the time!
Most Advanced Driving systems in the UK are based on“Roadcraft”, the Police Driver’s Handbook.
It is in this book that can be found the definition used by organisations such as RoSPA and the I.A.M.
“Advanced Driving is the ability to control the position and speed of the vehicle safely, systematically and smoothly, using road and traffic conditions to progress unobtrusively with skill and responsibility. This skill requires a positive but courteous attitude and a high standard of driving competence based on concentration, effective all round observation, anticipation, and planning. This must be co-ordinated with good handling skills. The vehicle will always be at the right speed with the correct gear engaged and can always be stopped safely on its own side of the road in the distance that can be seen to be clear.”
In order to deliver the definition above Roadcraft teaches a ‘System of car control’ based on I.P.S.G.A, that’s an acronym for Information, Position, Speed, Gear, Acceleration. The system it is said, is flexible in that it should be considered in order, but not necessarily acted upon.
Information pervades throughout the whole system, meaning that if at anytime new information is received, a re- application of the system is required.
Passing an Advanced Driving Test such as that offered by RoSPA will require the applicant to deliver a drive that uses a strict application of the Roadcraft system.
In the case of the test offered by DIAmond which is a brand of the Driving Instructor’s Association, the test is based on a system that is more familiar to most motorists. We all remember MSM, mirror, signal, and maneuver right?
Well the maneuver is broken down to position, speed and look. So M.S.P.S.L.
There is always some debate about which is “the ultimate driving test” or the “hardest test available to civilians… or such like.
Is the answer important? No not at all.
What is of more importance is an individuals control of their emotions and other human factors, that either allow, or not the application of the skills learnt after the test is passed.